Botanical Name: Quisqualis indica Linn., also called Rangoon Creeper.
A woody climber of savanna forest occurring from Mali to S Nigeria and W Cameroons, widespread in tropical Africa and Asia, and cultivated throughout the Tropics. The species has been under cultivation as an ornamental and a drug-plant for so long its native home is by no means certain.
The flexible stems are used for basket weaving, and in making fish-weirs and fish-traps.The fruits and the seeds are used for their anthelmintic properties and to cure diarrhoea. These applications are widely used in Asian medicine. The fruit is best picked half-riped. A root-extract is also vermifugal. The seeds are oil-bearing and the vermifugal property is said to lie in the oil .
The leaves and flowers have rutin and pelargonidin-3-glucoside, quisqualic acid, trigonelline, L-proline and L-asparagine.Seeds have arachidic, linoleic, oleic, palmitic and stearic acids.
Dosage requires some caution. A large dose of the fruit-extract produces hiccups and an overdose unconsciousness.