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Other Elements

Mulch and Biomass

Mulch of leaves from trees of top layers, is a fundamental element of our ecosystems.

Organic mulch improves soil fertility as it decomposes, reducing the need for fertilizers. Mulches help maintain soil moisture by reducing evaporation so less supplemental irrigation is needed. They inhibit weed germination and growth, reducing the need for herbicides. Mulch buffers soil temperatures keeping soils warmer in the winter and cooler in the summer.

In a forest a tree’s entire root system (which usually extends well beyond the drip line) would naturally be mulched by fallen leaves. Mulching leaves simply recycles a natural resource, giving you richer soil for free.

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Poultry Compost and Manures

Our Poultry are wild free roaming ones, that leave their droppings where they forage. Among the animal manures, poultry droppings have higher nutrient contents. It has nitrogen (4.55 to 5.46 %), phosphorus (2.46 to 2.82 %), potassium (2.02 to 2.32 %), calcium (4.52 to 8.15 %), magnesium (0.52 to 0.73 %) and appreciable quantities of micronutrients like Cu, Zn, Fe, Mn etc. In addition to this cellulose (2.26 to 3.62%), hermicellulose (1.89 to 2.77 %) and lignin (1.07 to 2.16 %) are also present in poultry waste. These components upon microbial action can be converted to value added compost with high nutrient status. In poultry droppings, nearly 60%of nitrogen which is present as uric acid and urea is lost through ammonia volatilization by hydrolysis. This loss of nitrogen reduces the agronomic value of the product, besides causing atmospheric pollution. Composting with amendment seems promising in conservation of nitrogen in poultry droppings. Nitrogen in poultry waste can be effectively conserved by composting with suitable organic amendment.

In comparison, in case of poultry farms, the eutrophication of surface water due to phosphorus, pesticides, heavy metals and pathogens present in the poultry wastes applied to soils are the central environmental issues.


The silkworm is the larva or caterpillar of the domesticated silk moth, Bombyx mori (Latin: “silkworm of the mulberry tree”). It is an economically important insect, being a primary producer of silk. A silkworm’s preferred food is white mulberry leaves, though they may eat other mulberry species and even osage orange.

Sericulture, the practice of breeding silkworms for the production of raw silk, has been under way for at least 5,000 years in China, from where it spread to Korea and Japan, India and later the West.

The great thing about silkworms is that they only grow as much as you feed them, and they can go for up to a week without food. According to many experts, silkworms are more nutritious than any other feeder. Anole expert, A. Lanolis says, “…they’re naturally the healthiest insect you can get.”


Silk:  Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles. The protein fiber of silk is composed mainly of fibroin and is produced by certain insect larvae to form cocoons. The best-known silk is obtained from the cocoons of the larvae of the mulberry silkworm Bombyx mori reared in captivity (sericulture). The shimmering appearance of silk is due to the triangular prism-like structure of the silk fibre, which allows silk cloth to refract incoming light at different angles, thus producing different colors.
Cancer Treatment : Silkworm is useful in treating Cancer of Lung, Throat and Liver.

Use in Animal feed : Silkworms are one of the most nutritious, economical and
convenient feeders on the market. Silkworms are a high source of Calcium, Protein, Iron, Magnesium, Sodium, and Vitamins B1, B2, and B3. Silkworms look and taste better to most animals than many other types of feeders.


We have many large and small ponds that support the groundwater levels, vetiver and fishes. These have become essential in modern times, as flowing water streams have entirely vanished due to all round tree destruction. They provide water to birds and animals and are an essential part of our ecosystem.

The pond is made in a place where a stream used to flow in earlier times. The pond walls are enforced by planting vetiver, besharam, and kantkari and morninga, on it. On the ground, lotus stems are planted to increase the life under water. The whole process of a pond coming alive takes 3 to 4 years, and is a visual treat.

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